Media Library

Performance of Interstate Rubblization in Illinois, FHWA-ICT-21-005

This Illinois Center for Transportation (ICT) report summarizes the performance of several interstate rubblizing projects in Illinois by analyzing available data in Illinois Department of Transportation’s pavement management system. The report finds that, overall, rubblization is providing good to excellent performance and exceeding design expectations.

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Highway Rubblization Projects with Concrete Overlays by State, 1999-2020

List of projects

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Interstate Highway Rubblization Projects by State, 1996-2020

List of projects

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Reports Rubblization

Jan 29, 2021

Benefits of Rehabilitating Concrete Pavements with Slab Fracturing and Asphalt Overlays, NCAT Report 20-03

This National Center for Asphalt Technology (NCAT) study comprehensively synthesized historical experiences with crack and seat (C&S), break and seat (B&S), and rubblization methods for the rehabilitation of PCC pavements with asphalt overlays.

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Antigo Construction Family of Companies Airfield Rubblization Projects

List of projects

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Rubblization Gives New Life to Dying Roads Nationwide

Departments of Transportation across the country are seeing that rubblization is a key tactic for bringing new life to aging concrete pavements.

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Rubblize to Rehabilitate – West Virginia

Through the monitoring of pavement conditions in West Virginia, the DOH has documented that the warranty pavements, using rubblization, are out-performing traditional full depth new construction pavements.

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Evaluation of the Terminal Boulevard (SR 406) Concrete Rubblization Project

The purpose of this study was to document the current condition of the rubblized and reconstructed pavement on Terminal Boulevard (SR 406) in Norfolk, VA, and to generate baseline pavement performance information.

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WisDOT Facilities Development Manual Chapter 14.25.15 Concrete Pavement Rubblization

The purpose of this procedure is to provide guidance on rubblization of concrete pavement.

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Airport Pavement Rehabilitation: Rubblization of Deteriorated Concrete Pavement

Presentation

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WisDOT Specification 335 Rubblized Pavement

Wisconsin DOT concrete rubblization specification.

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I-70 Extended Life Pavement Performance

Charles Wienrank, P.E., Pavement Design Engineer, Illinois DOT, presentation at 2019 IAPA Annual Meeting.

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Non-Destructive Modulus Testing and Performance Evaluation for Asphalt Pavement Reflective Cracking Mitigation Treatments

Four treatments were evaluated to determine their effectiveness in mitigating reflective cracking via non-destructive FWD tests and Surface Wave Method tests to measure layer modulus, along with field pavement performance surveys.

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Mechanistic Design Data from ODOT Instrumented Pavement Sites – Phase 1 Report

This investigation examined data obtained from three previously-instrumented pavement test sites in Oregon. Data processing algorithms and templates were developed for each test site that facilitated full processing of all the data to build databases representing each site. Investigation of site data found that most of the collected data could be successfully processed and observed trends in the data were as expected (e.g., seasonal changes affected pavement response). The location that compared rubblized base to aggregate base clearly demonstrated the effect of the rubblized base through a 50% reduction in strain at the bottom of the asphalt layer.

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Mechanistic Design Data from ODOT Instrumented Pavement Sites – Phase II Report

This investigation examined data obtained from three previously-instrumented pavement test sites in Oregon. Data processing algorithms and templates were developed for each test site that facilitated full processing of all the data to build databases representing each site. Investigation of site data found that most of the collected data could be successfully processed and observed trends in the data were as expected (e.g., seasonal changes affected pavement response). The location that compared rubblized base to aggregate base clearly demonstrated the effect of the rubblized base through a 50% reduction in strain at the bottom of the asphalt layer. Further investigations of the data may be warranted and user's guides provided in this report will enable those investigations to proceed by ODOT staff.

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Monticello Road Whitetopping Rubblization

Presentation by Eric Seibring, Piatt County Engineer, on the first rubblization and asphalt overlay of a whitetopping pavement.

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Reconstructed Runway Rises from Rubble at Coles County Memorial

The project team at Coles County Memorial Airport in Illinois chose rubblization and asphalt overlay to reconstruct the runway to keep costs down and to minimize disruption to the day-to-day operations of the airport.

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Repair of the Surface of Concrete by Crushing Hammer (Rubblizing)

Article on rubblization in Poland from the technical journal DROGOWNICTWO (Highway Engineering).


- Content in Polish language.

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Reports Rubblization

Jun 21, 2016

Improved design of overlay treatments to concrete pavements

The objective of this UK research was to develop improved design guidance for asphalt overlays to concrete pavements by providing techniques that will reduce the thickness of overlay while still minimizing the occurrence of reflective cracking. The crack & seat and rubblization are techniques are addressed.

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Reports Rubblization

Jun 21, 2016

Towards Sustainable Pavement Systems: A Reference Document

This reference document has been prepared to provide guidance to the pavement community on sustainability considerations in pavement systems, drawing from and synthesizing the large and diverse body of knowledge that exists on pavement sustainability. Crack & seat and rubblization are identified as sustainable construction techniques.

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Validation of Staged Construction Pavement Design with the Falling Weight Deflectometer

This paper documents the Illinois Tollway staff's monitoring and observation process of the I-88 rubblization and asphalt overlay project during the first 9 years of service to validate the original design assumptions and verify the Stage 2 pavement design strategy and overall pavement performance.

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Coles County Memorial Airport, Mattoon, Illinois, Rubblization of Runway 11-29

Hanson Engineering and Howell Paving presentation on rubblization and asphalt overlay of an airport runway.

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Modified Rubblization – Ohio Asphalt Magazine Winter 2015

Article describing use of modified rubblization and asphalt overlay on city streets in Greenfield, Wisconsin.

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Discussion of “Modified Rubblization”

Presentation

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Modified Rubblization Specification

Construction specification prepared by Antigo Construction.

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Rubblizing in an Urban Environment

Presentation

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Reports Rubblization

Aug 22, 2015

IS-132 Rubblization

For an excellent introduction to rubblization of concrete pavement and asphalt overlay, we suggest the National Asphalt Pavement Association's publication IS-132 Rubblization.

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Survival Analysis for Composite Pavement Performance in Iowa

This study investigates the performance of composite pavements composed of a flexible layer over a rigid base. Four composite pavement rehabilitation methods are involved in the research: mill and fill, structural overlay, rubblization and heater scarification.

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WisDOT Construction & Materials Manual Chapter 3.50 Rubblizing Concrete Pavement

Wisconsin DOT engineer guidance regarding the rubblization of concrete pavement.

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Rubblization – A Way to Save Time, Money, and Resources

When concrete pavements reach a certain level of deterioration, rubblization of the concrete with an asphalt overlay is the easiest, cheapest, and most effective way to rehabilitate the pave­ment in the shortest amount of time.

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Rubblization and HMA Overlay in Faribault County

County State Aid Highway (CSAH) 16, east of Blue Earth, MN, was rubblized and overlaid in 2004.

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Rubblization and Asphalt Overlay of a 2-Lane Highway under Traffic

The following pictures present a construction phasing and traffic control scenario for concrete pavement rubblization and asphalt overlay of a 2-lane highway constructed under traffic.

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Rubblization of Continuously Reinforced Concrete Pavement

Pictorial presentation of the process.

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Types of Fractured Slab Techniques with MHB

Antigo uses the following descriptions to describe the range of fractured slab techniques performed with the MHB Badger Breaker® (MHB).

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Inbound and Outbound Pena Boulevard Reconstruction

Denver International Airport (DIA) presentation on rubblization and concrete overlay.

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"Antigo Construction's knowledge, professionalism, and dedication to quality has helped Payne & Dolan become a finalist for the 2014 Sheldon G. Hayes award for the 2012-2013 IH 43 project in Waukesha County. Antigo Construction's contributions to this project, and many others, cannot be understated and is greatly appreciated."

Brian R. Wallace, Project Manager, Payne & Dolan, Inc.

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"The inspectors and I were very satisfied with their coordination, methods and equipment used, and their quality of work. All projects are performing very well."

Randall J. Will, P.E. & P.L.S., Webster County (Iowa) Engineer

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Reports Rubblization

Feb 11, 2015

Evaluation of Rubblized Pavement Sections in Michigan Constructed between 1988 and 2002

This report has been prepared to summarize the relevant findings regarding the performance of the pavement sections rubblized using the MHB between 1997 and 2002 in Michigan and the performance of pavement sections rubblized using the RFB between 1988 and 2000.

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Articles Rubblization

Feb 11, 2015

Antigo Construction, Inc. in Afghanistan

The following is the first in a series of articles and photos regarding Antigo Construction's involvement with a USAID project in Afghanistan to rebuild the Kandahar to Herat Highway.

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Articles Rubblization

Feb 11, 2015

Rubblization: Making an Impact in Michigan

Since 1988, the Michigan Department of Transportation has been using rubblization as a road rehabilitation method.

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Discussion of “Full Rubblization” & “Modified Rubblization”

Presentation

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Development of Guidelines for Rubblization Final Report

This report presents the results of Airfield Asphalt Pavement Technology Program Project (AAPTP) 04-01, Development of Guidelines for Rubblization. The objective was to document the state of the art in rubblization technology for airfield pavements.

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Performance Contracting for Construction on the M-115 in Clare County, MI

This report documents the Michigan Department of Transportation's (MDOT) HfL demonstration project, which involved performance contracting for construction (PCfC) on M-115, a two-lane rural highway in Clare County, MI.

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Rubblized Concrete: Good Support for Concrete Overlays

This research sought to verify that PCC over rubblized concrete pavement is a strong, durable option for overlays of aging concrete roadways.

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HWD Testing of Rubblized Sections of Taxiway W1 at Detroit Metro Airport

Report on Heavy Weight Deflectometer testing of the rubblized sections of Taxiway W1.

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FAA Engineering Brief No. 66, Rubblized Portland Cement Concrete Base Course

Engineering Brief No. 66 provides guidance and specifications for rubblization of existing Portland cement concrete pavements.

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"Since Antigo's arrival on the project, the daily production has exceeded the quoted amounts and we are well within bringing the project back in line to our original projected schedule."

Steve Griffin, General Manager, Strata Corporation

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"We found Antigo Construction employees to be well qualified, dedicated, and hardworking. Antigo Construction provided the appropriate type of machinery to perform the job in an efficient and effective manner. The equipment was reliable and well maintained which is backed up by the minimal downtime that occurred on the job."

Greg Schnell, Transportation Director, Sheboygan County (Wisconsin)

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From Rubble to Runway

The arrival of a lone KC-135 at Grand Forks AFB, N.D. on Oct. 30, 2005 marked the unofficial opening of Air Mobility Command's newest state-of-the art runway and the end of a long summer of construction at the base.

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On Track Newsletter, Winter 2004 / 2005, R.A. Smith & Associates, Inc.

Rubblizing may sound like just another funny word-but communities and county highway departments will like the sound of how rubblizing can provide significant time and cost savings.

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Rubblization of Existing Airfield Pavements at King Abdulaziz International Airport, Jeddah Saudi Arabia

Presentation

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Reports Rubblization

Dec 15, 2014

Hot-Mix Asphalt Overlay Design Concepts for Rubblized Portland Cement Concrete Pavements

Transportation Research Record 1684, paper by Marshall R. Thompson.

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Performance of Colorado’s First Rubblization Project on I 76 Near Sterling

This report documents the six-year performance of the Colorado DOT's first rubblization of PCCP project.

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Nighttime Rubblization and Asphalt Overlay Project Examples

Pictorial presentation of the process.

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Structural Characterization of Iowa’s Rubblized PCC Pavements

This paper describes a field study undertaken to investigate the performance of rubblized pavements in Iowa, which includes characterization of the rubblized Portland cement concrete (PCC) layer (layer coefficient and modulus) using a neural networks-based layer moduli backcalculation program. The average rubblized PCC layer coefficient and backcalculated modulus of the rubblized layer in Iowa were found to be 0.19 and 539 MPa (78 ksi), respectively.

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Reports Rubblization

Jan 1, 2006

Rubblization Using Multi-Head Breaker Equipment

This paper by Professor Marshall Thompson documents the development, capabilities, and effective utilization of the MHB for rubblizing concrete pavement.

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