Performance of Interstate Rubblization in Illinois, FHWA-ICT-21-005
This Illinois Center for Transportation (ICT) report summarizes the performance of several interstate rubblizing projects in Illinois by analyzing available data in Illinois Department of Transportation’s pavement management system. The report finds that, overall, rubblization is providing good to excellent performance and exceeding design expectations.
Benefits of Rehabilitating Concrete Pavements with Slab Fracturing and Asphalt Overlays, NCAT Report 20-03
This National Center for Asphalt Technology (NCAT) study comprehensively synthesized historical experiences with crack and seat (C&S), break and seat (B&S), and rubblization methods for the rehabilitation of PCC pavements with asphalt overlays.
Rubblize to Rehabilitate – West Virginia
Through the monitoring of pavement conditions in West Virginia, the DOH has documented that the warranty pavements, using rubblization, are out-performing traditional full depth new construction pavements.
Evaluation of the Terminal Boulevard (SR 406) Concrete Rubblization Project
The purpose of this study was to document the current condition of the rubblized and reconstructed pavement on Terminal Boulevard (SR 406) in Norfolk, VA, and to generate baseline pavement performance information.
"Interstate Highway Construction would like to express our sincere appreciation of you, your team and your company for the successful completion of the Tulsa International Airport, Taxiway J South Reconstruction Project."
Jeff Gargoshian, Project Manager, Interstate Highway Construction, Inc.
Non-Destructive Modulus Testing and Performance Evaluation for Asphalt Pavement Reflective Cracking Mitigation Treatments
Four treatments were evaluated to determine their effectiveness in mitigating reflective cracking via non-destructive FWD tests and Surface Wave Method tests to measure layer modulus, along with field pavement performance surveys.
Mechanistic Design Data from ODOT Instrumented Pavement Sites – Phase II Report
This investigation examined data obtained from three previously-instrumented pavement test sites in Oregon. Data processing algorithms and templates were developed for each test site that facilitated full processing of all the data to build databases representing each site. Investigation of site data found that most of the collected data could be successfully processed and observed trends in the data were as expected (e.g., seasonal changes affected pavement response). The location that compared rubblized base to aggregate base clearly demonstrated the effect of the rubblized base through a 50% reduction in strain at the bottom of the asphalt layer. Further investigations of the data may be warranted and user's guides provided in this report will enable those investigations to proceed by ODOT staff.
Mechanistic Design Data from ODOT Instrumented Pavement Sites – Phase 1 Report
This investigation examined data obtained from three previously-instrumented pavement test sites in Oregon. Data processing algorithms and templates were developed for each test site that facilitated full processing of all the data to build databases representing each site. Investigation of site data found that most of the collected data could be successfully processed and observed trends in the data were as expected (e.g., seasonal changes affected pavement response). The location that compared rubblized base to aggregate base clearly demonstrated the effect of the rubblized base through a 50% reduction in strain at the bottom of the asphalt layer.
"On behalf of Interstate Highway Construction, Inc., I would like to take this opportunity to thank you for your valuable contribution towards the successful completion of the above referenced work. Also, please take time to thank all of your employees for their cooperation and hard work. We look forward to working with your company on future projects as well."
Joe Satriana, Project Engineer, Interstate Highway Construction, Inc.
"Antigo was able to start work on time and keep the promised durations while working safely and efficiently for the entire project. We look forward to doing more work in the future with Antigo and thank you for a job well done."
Brian Amling, Project Manager, Northern Illinois Service Co.
Reconstructed Runway Rises from Rubble at Coles County Memorial
The project team at Coles County Memorial Airport in Illinois chose rubblization and asphalt overlay to reconstruct the runway to keep costs down and to minimize disruption to the day-to-day operations of the airport.
Validation of Staged Construction Pavement Design with the Falling Weight Deflectometer
This paper documents the Illinois Tollway staff's monitoring and observation process of the I-88 rubblization and asphalt overlay project during the first 9 years of service to validate the original design assumptions and verify the Stage 2 pavement design strategy and overall pavement performance.
Towards Sustainable Pavement Systems: A Reference Document
This reference document has been prepared to provide guidance to the pavement community on sustainability considerations in pavement systems, drawing from and synthesizing the large and diverse body of knowledge that exists on pavement sustainability. Crack & seat and rubblization are identified as sustainable construction techniques.
Improved design of overlay treatments to concrete pavements
The objective of this UK research was to develop improved design guidance for asphalt overlays to concrete pavements by providing techniques that will reduce the thickness of overlay while still minimizing the occurrence of reflective cracking. The crack & seat and rubblization are techniques are addressed.
The use of crack and seat treatment in refurbishment of airfield pavements
The overall purpose of the guide is to provide enough information to enable those engineers not familiar with crack and seat technology to be able to conduct effective maintenance of concrete pavements at airfields.
The Cross Road – Blessed Route the Beneficiary of FDR Process
A full-depth reclamation (FDR) project involving the removal of a failed portland cement concrete pavement and the construction of an 8-in. stabilized reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) and aggregate base.
Survival Analysis for Composite Pavement Performance in Iowa
This study investigates the performance of composite pavements composed of a flexible layer over a rigid base. Four composite pavement rehabilitation methods are involved in the research: mill and fill, structural overlay, rubblization and heater scarification.
Transportation Applications Of Recycled Concrete Aggregates
The purpose of this review was to capture the most advanced uses of recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) for transportation uses in the United States. This knowledge would then be transferred to all State Transportation Agencies (STA).
Rubblization and Asphalt Overlay of a 2-Lane Highway under Traffic
The following pictures present a construction phasing and traffic control scenario for concrete pavement rubblization and asphalt overlay of a 2-lane highway constructed under traffic.
Rubblization – A Way to Save Time, Money, and Resources
When concrete pavements reach a certain level of deterioration, rubblization of the concrete with an asphalt overlay is the easiest, cheapest, and most effective way to rehabilitate the pavement in the shortest amount of time.
"IHC truly appreciated the opportunity to partner with you and your company. Your company was always dedicated to maintaining the schedule and upholding the highest standards of safety and quality."
Eddie Davidsen, Project Manager, Interstate Highway Construction, Inc.
Breaking and Seating of Rigid Pavements
Breaking and seating has been utilized extensively in Kentucky to rehabilitate portland cement concrete pavements. Experience over three or four years with this type of design and construction are summarized and reported.
"Antigo Construction's knowledge, professionalism, and dedication to quality has helped Payne & Dolan become a finalist for the 2014 Sheldon G. Hayes award for the 2012-2013 IH 43 project in Waukesha County. Antigo Construction's contributions to this project, and many others, cannot be understated and is greatly appreciated."
Brian R. Wallace, Project Manager, Payne & Dolan, Inc.
Evaluation of Rubblized Pavement Sections in Michigan Constructed between 1988 and 2002
This report has been prepared to summarize the relevant findings regarding the performance of the pavement sections rubblized using the MHB between 1997 and 2002 in Michigan and the performance of pavement sections rubblized using the RFB between 1988 and 2000.
Evaluation of Concrete Slab Fracturing Techniques in Mitigating Reflective Cracking Through Asphalt Overlays
This report presents the results of an evaluation of concrete slab fracturing techniques as a means of arresting or retarding reflective cracking through asphalt overlays placed on severely distressed portland cement concrete pavement.
"We found Antigo Construction employees to be well qualified, dedicated, and hardworking. Antigo Construction provided the appropriate type of machinery to perform the job in an efficient and effective manner. The equipment was reliable and well maintained which is backed up by the minimal downtime that occurred on the job."
Greg Schnell, Transportation Director, Sheboygan County (Wisconsin)
Performance Contracting for Construction on the M-115 in Clare County, MI
This report documents the Michigan Department of Transportation's (MDOT) HfL demonstration project, which involved performance contracting for construction (PCfC) on M-115, a two-lane rural highway in Clare County, MI.
Development of Guidelines for Rubblization Final Report
This report presents the results of Airfield Asphalt Pavement Technology Program Project (AAPTP) 04-01, Development of Guidelines for Rubblization. The objective was to document the state of the art in rubblization technology for airfield pavements.
On Track Newsletter, Winter 2004 / 2005, R.A. Smith & Associates, Inc.
Rubblizing may sound like just another funny word-but communities and county highway departments will like the sound of how rubblizing can provide significant time and cost savings.
Structural Characterization of Iowa’s Rubblized PCC Pavements
This paper describes a field study undertaken to investigate the performance of rubblized pavements in Iowa, which includes characterization of the rubblized Portland cement concrete (PCC) layer (layer coefficient and modulus) using a neural networks-based layer moduli backcalculation program. The average rubblized PCC layer coefficient and backcalculated modulus of the rubblized layer in Iowa were found to be 0.19 and 539 MPa (78 ksi), respectively.
Life Cycle Assessment – I-5 Seattle
This paper compares three different replacement options for an aging portland cement concrete (PCC) pavement using LCA process-based protocol. Those options are: remove and replace with PCC pavement, remove and replace with hot mix asphalt (HMA) pavement, and crack-and-seat the existing pavement followed by a HMA overlay.
Layer Coefficient Values for Cracked and Seated Concrete
The WisDOT Bureau of Technical Services is interested in identifying layer coefficient values used by state DOTs nationwide for cracked and seated concrete, in comparison with values used for rubblized concrete.
Improved Design of Overlay Treatments
The objective of this research was to develop improved design guidance for asphalt overlays to concrete pavements by providing techniques that will reduce the thickness of overlay while still minimizing the occurrence of reflective cracking.
Reflection cracking on airfield pavements – a design guide for assessment, treatment selection and future minimization
This guide has been prepared for Defence Estates (UK) to provide guidance on the identification, categorization and treatment of reflection cracking in airfield pavement structures.
"Antigo Breakers Ltd during both the research & development project and also the first phase of the Crack & Seat reconstruction project has offered an excellent level of service. Their proactive approach, level of control and quality is excellent."
Matt Palmer, Senior Project Leader, Pavement & Infrastructure Team (BAA), Heathrow Airport
Practical Method of Ensuring the Success of Crack and Seat Operations Using FWD
This procedure has two phases: (a) determine the hammer parameters (height and spacing) that develop good cracking patterns, full depth cracks with adequate aggregate interlock between the cracked segments and (b) determine the optimum number of passes of a rubber-tired roller.