Media Library

Cracking & Seating Concrete Pavement at Airports, 1984 to 2019

List of projects

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Antigo’s Industrial Sites Removal Breaking Projects, 1985-2019

List of projects

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Antigo’s Airports Removal Breaking Projects, 1982-2019

List of projects

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Antigo’s International Projects, 1999-2019

List of projects

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Antigo Construction Family of Companies Completed Square Yards by Type

Summary table

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Breaking & Seating Concrete Pavement in Kentucky, 1995 to 2019

List of projects

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Interstate Highway Rubblization Projects by State, 1996-2019

List of projects

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Highway Rubblization Projects with Concrete Overlays by State, 1999-2019

List of projects

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Crack & Seat Concrete Pavement with Asphalt Overlay Projects – Southeast Wisconsin Local Roads, 1983-2019

List of projects

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Crack & Seat Concrete Pavement with Asphalt Overlay Projects – Iowa 2-Lane Highways, 1986-2019

List of projects

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California Interstate Crack & Seat Concrete Pavement with Asphalt Overlay Projects, 1991-2019

List of projects

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Antigo’s MHB Urban Removal Breaking Projects, 1996-2019

List of projects

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Rubblization Gives New Life to Dying Roads Nationwide

Departments of Transportation across the country are seeing that rubblization is a key tactic for bringing new life to aging concrete pavements.

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Antigo Construction Family of Companies Airfield Rubblization Projects

List of projects

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Rubblize to Rehabilitate – West Virginia

Through the monitoring of pavement conditions in West Virginia, the DOH has documented that the warranty pavements, using rubblization, are out-performing traditional full depth new construction pavements.

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Evaluation of the Terminal Boulevard (SR 406) Concrete Rubblization Project

The purpose of this study was to document the current condition of the rubblized and reconstructed pavement on Terminal Boulevard (SR 406) in Norfolk, VA, and to generate baseline pavement performance information.

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WisDOT Facilities Development Manual Chapter 14.25.15 Concrete Pavement Rubblization

The purpose of this procedure is to provide guidance on rubblization of concrete pavement.

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Airport Pavement Rehabilitation: Rubblization of Deteriorated Concrete Pavement

Presentation

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WisDOT Specification 335 Rubblized Pavement

Wisconsin DOT concrete rubblization specification.

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I-70 Extended Life Pavement Performance

Charles Wienrank, P.E., Pavement Design Engineer, Illinois DOT, presentation at 2019 IAPA Annual Meeting.

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"Interstate Highway Construction would like to express our sincere appreciation of you, your team and your company for the successful completion of the Tulsa International Airport, Taxiway J South Reconstruction Project."

Jeff Gargoshian, Project Manager, Interstate Highway Construction, Inc.

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Non-Destructive Modulus Testing and Performance Evaluation for Asphalt Pavement Reflective Cracking Mitigation Treatments

Four treatments were evaluated to determine their effectiveness in mitigating reflective cracking via non-destructive FWD tests and Surface Wave Method tests to measure layer modulus, along with field pavement performance surveys.

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Mechanistic Design Data from ODOT Instrumented Pavement Sites – Phase II Report

This investigation examined data obtained from three previously-instrumented pavement test sites in Oregon. Data processing algorithms and templates were developed for each test site that facilitated full processing of all the data to build databases representing each site. Investigation of site data found that most of the collected data could be successfully processed and observed trends in the data were as expected (e.g., seasonal changes affected pavement response). The location that compared rubblized base to aggregate base clearly demonstrated the effect of the rubblized base through a 50% reduction in strain at the bottom of the asphalt layer. Further investigations of the data may be warranted and user's guides provided in this report will enable those investigations to proceed by ODOT staff.

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Mechanistic Design Data from ODOT Instrumented Pavement Sites – Phase 1 Report

This investigation examined data obtained from three previously-instrumented pavement test sites in Oregon. Data processing algorithms and templates were developed for each test site that facilitated full processing of all the data to build databases representing each site. Investigation of site data found that most of the collected data could be successfully processed and observed trends in the data were as expected (e.g., seasonal changes affected pavement response). The location that compared rubblized base to aggregate base clearly demonstrated the effect of the rubblized base through a 50% reduction in strain at the bottom of the asphalt layer.

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The right CSOL-ution

Washington State DOT’s last-ditch play against aging pavements is a unique success.

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"On behalf of Interstate Highway Construction, Inc., I would like to take this opportunity to thank you for your valuable contribution towards the successful completion of the above referenced work. Also, please take time to thank all of your employees for their cooperation and hard work. We look forward to working with your company on future projects as well."

Joe Satriana, Project Engineer, Interstate Highway Construction, Inc.

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"Antigo was able to start work on time and keep the promised durations while working safely and efficiently for the entire project. We look forward to doing more work in the future with Antigo and thank you for a job well done."

Brian Amling, Project Manager, Northern Illinois Service Co.

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Route 65: The Rebuild, Springfield, MO

Millstone Webber and MoDOT presentation on fast track reconstruction project.

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Monticello Road Whitetopping Rubblization

Presentation by Eric Seibring, Piatt County Engineer, on the first rubblization and asphalt overlay of a whitetopping pavement.

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Reconstructed Runway Rises from Rubble at Coles County Memorial

The project team at Coles County Memorial Airport in Illinois chose rubblization and asphalt overlay to reconstruct the runway to keep costs down and to minimize disruption to the day-to-day operations of the airport.

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Repair of the Surface of Concrete by Crushing Hammer (Rubblizing)

Article on rubblization in Poland from the technical journal DROGOWNICTWO (Highway Engineering).


- Content in Polish language.

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Validation of Staged Construction Pavement Design with the Falling Weight Deflectometer

This paper documents the Illinois Tollway staff's monitoring and observation process of the I-88 rubblization and asphalt overlay project during the first 9 years of service to validate the original design assumptions and verify the Stage 2 pavement design strategy and overall pavement performance.

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Reports Rubblization

Jun 21, 2016

Towards Sustainable Pavement Systems: A Reference Document

This reference document has been prepared to provide guidance to the pavement community on sustainability considerations in pavement systems, drawing from and synthesizing the large and diverse body of knowledge that exists on pavement sustainability. Crack & seat and rubblization are identified as sustainable construction techniques.

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Reports Rubblization

Jun 21, 2016

Improved design of overlay treatments to concrete pavements

The objective of this UK research was to develop improved design guidance for asphalt overlays to concrete pavements by providing techniques that will reduce the thickness of overlay while still minimizing the occurrence of reflective cracking. The crack & seat and rubblization are techniques are addressed.

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The use of crack and seat treatment in refurbishment of airfield pavements

The overall purpose of the guide is to provide enough information to enable those engineers not familiar with crack and seat technology to be able to conduct effective maintenance of concrete pavements at airfields.

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Reports Crack & Seat

Jun 21, 2016

Simplified Crack, Seat, and Overlay Design for Scottish Roads

Investigation of a simplified design approach for asphalt overlays on cracked and seated or rubblized cement bound material (CBM) in Scotland.

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Rapid Pavement Rehabilitation with Long Life Asphalt Concrete

Project experience from the rehabilitation of Interstate 710 in Long Beach, California using 55-hour weekend closure and crack & seat with asphalt overlay.

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Coles County Memorial Airport, Mattoon, Illinois, Rubblization of Runway 11-29

Hanson Engineering and Howell Paving presentation on rubblization and asphalt overlay of an airport runway.

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Norwalk Uses Crack & Seat to Rehabilitate Roadways

Description of how a city and its engineering firm are using crack & seat and asphalt overlay to rehabilitate failing concrete pavements.

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Thoroughbreds, Thorough Work — Crews Execute Extensive Asphalt-paving Work on Hwy. 60 in Kentucky

Description of a break & seat and asphalt overlay project that included alternative pavement bid process.

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Wisconsin Crack & Seat Specification

Specification

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South Dakota Crack & Seat Specification

Specification

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Performance of Techniques to Minimize Reflection Cracking and Associated Developments in Pavement Investigation for Maintenance of UK Military Airfield

Crack & seat technique performed well in UK airfield trials.

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Modified Rubblization – Ohio Asphalt Magazine Winter 2015

Article describing use of modified rubblization and asphalt overlay on city streets in Greenfield, Wisconsin.

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Discussion of “Modified Rubblization”

Presentation

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Modified Rubblization Specification

Construction specification prepared by Antigo Construction.

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Rubblizing in an Urban Environment

Presentation

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Breaking and Removing Continuously Reinforced Concrete Pavement

Pictorial presentation of the process.

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The Cross Road – Blessed Route the Beneficiary of FDR Process

A full-depth reclamation (FDR) project involving the removal of a failed portland cement concrete pavement and the construction of an 8-in. stabilized reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) and aggregate base.

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Cracking & Seating Airport Pavements in the UK

Overview of the process prepared by Antigo Construction.

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Reports Rubblization

Aug 22, 2015

IS-132 Rubblization

For an excellent introduction to rubblization of concrete pavement and asphalt overlay, we suggest the National Asphalt Pavement Association's publication IS-132 Rubblization.

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WisDOT Construction & Materials Manual Chapter 3.50 Rubblizing Concrete Pavement

Wisconsin DOT engineer guidance regarding the rubblization of concrete pavement.

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Nebraska DOR Cracking and Seating Concrete Pavement

Specification

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Montana DOT PCCP Pavement Cracking and Seating

Specification

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Iowa Crack & Seat Specification

Specification

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Idaho DOT Crack & Seat Concrete Pavement

Specification

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Survival Analysis for Composite Pavement Performance in Iowa

This study investigates the performance of composite pavements composed of a flexible layer over a rigid base. Four composite pavement rehabilitation methods are involved in the research: mill and fill, structural overlay, rubblization and heater scarification.

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Reports Break for Removal

Jul 16, 2015

Using Recycled Concrete in MDOT’s Transportation Infrastructure

Crushed concrete aggregate (CCA) is granular material manufactured by removing, crushing, and processing old concrete for reuse as an aggregate source in new construction.

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Reports Break for Removal

Jul 16, 2015

Transportation Applications Of Recycled Concrete Aggregates

The purpose of this review was to capture the most advanced uses of recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) for transportation uses in the United States. This knowledge would then be transferred to all State Transportation Agencies (STA).

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Reports Break for Removal

Jul 16, 2015

Recycling Concrete Pavements

This engineering bulletin provides background information on recycling concrete pavements into recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) for use in bases, subbases, new concrete mixtures, granular fill, etc.

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Types of Fractured Slab Techniques with MHB

Antigo uses the following descriptions to describe the range of fractured slab techniques performed with the MHB Badger Breaker® (MHB).

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Rubblization of Continuously Reinforced Concrete Pavement

Pictorial presentation of the process.

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Rubblization and Asphalt Overlay of a 2-Lane Highway under Traffic

The following pictures present a construction phasing and traffic control scenario for concrete pavement rubblization and asphalt overlay of a 2-lane highway constructed under traffic.

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Break Concrete for Removal Around the World

The Antigo Construction Family of Companies has been breaking concrete for removal since 1982. Though most of the work has been in the USA, Antigo has been around the world.

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Breaking & Seating Concrete Pavement with MHB Badger Breaker® in Ohio, 2000 to 2014

List of projects

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Rubblization and HMA Overlay in Faribault County

County State Aid Highway (CSAH) 16, east of Blue Earth, MN, was rubblized and overlaid in 2004.

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Rubblization – A Way to Save Time, Money, and Resources

When concrete pavements reach a certain level of deterioration, rubblization of the concrete with an asphalt overlay is the easiest, cheapest, and most effective way to rehabilitate the pave­ment in the shortest amount of time.

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"IHC truly appreciated the opportunity to partner with you and your company. Your company was always dedicated to maintaining the schedule and upholding the highest standards of safety and quality."

Eddie Davidsen, Project Manager, Interstate Highway Construction, Inc.

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Breaking and Seating of Rigid Pavements

Breaking and seating has been utilized extensively in Kentucky to rehabilitate portland cement concrete pavements. Experience over three or four years with this type of design and construction are summarized and reported.

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Breaking and Seating of Concrete Pavements: Kentucky’s Experience

This survey includes a detailed visual survey and falling weight deflectometer testing to determine the in situ condition of the pavement structure.

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Inbound and Outbound Pena Boulevard Reconstruction

Denver International Airport (DIA) presentation on rubblization and concrete overlay.

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Less Time, More Bonus Money

Reconstruction of I-465 near Indianapolis, Indiana.

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A Base Stacked for Strength

Reconstruction of a taxiway at Des Moines International Airport.

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Kentucky’s experience with rehabilitating PCC pavements with asphalt overlays

Article on break & seat and asphalt overlay in Kentucky.

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"The inspectors and I were very satisfied with their coordination, methods and equipment used, and their quality of work. All projects are performing very well."

Randall J. Will, P.E. & P.L.S., Webster County (Iowa) Engineer

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"Antigo Construction's knowledge, professionalism, and dedication to quality has helped Payne & Dolan become a finalist for the 2014 Sheldon G. Hayes award for the 2012-2013 IH 43 project in Waukesha County. Antigo Construction's contributions to this project, and many others, cannot be understated and is greatly appreciated."

Brian R. Wallace, Project Manager, Payne & Dolan, Inc.

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New Runway Ready for Take-Off

Rebuilding a critical runway at Fairchild Air Force Base required attention to every last detail - from the concrete to the construction technique to the calendar.

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Reports Rubblization

Feb 11, 2015

Evaluation of Rubblized Pavement Sections in Michigan Constructed between 1988 and 2002

This report has been prepared to summarize the relevant findings regarding the performance of the pavement sections rubblized using the MHB between 1997 and 2002 in Michigan and the performance of pavement sections rubblized using the RFB between 1988 and 2000.

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Reports Crack & Seat

Feb 11, 2015

Evaluation of Concrete Slab Fracturing Techniques in Mitigating Reflective Cracking Through Asphalt Overlays

This report presents the results of an evaluation of concrete slab fracturing techniques as a means of arresting or retarding reflective cracking through asphalt overlays placed on severely distressed portland cement concrete pavement.

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Reports Crack & Seat

Feb 11, 2015

Breaking / Cracking and Seating Concrete Pavements

National Cooperative Highway Research Program Synthesis of Highway Practice 144 by Marshall R. Thompson.

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Discussion of “Full Rubblization” & “Modified Rubblization”

Presentation

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Articles Rubblization

Feb 11, 2015

Rubblization: Making an Impact in Michigan

Since 1988, the Michigan Department of Transportation has been using rubblization as a road rehabilitation method.

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Articles Rubblization

Feb 11, 2015

Antigo Construction, Inc. in Afghanistan

The following is the first in a series of articles and photos regarding Antigo Construction's involvement with a USAID project in Afghanistan to rebuild the Kandahar to Herat Highway.

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"We found Antigo Construction employees to be well qualified, dedicated, and hardworking. Antigo Construction provided the appropriate type of machinery to perform the job in an efficient and effective manner. The equipment was reliable and well maintained which is backed up by the minimal downtime that occurred on the job."

Greg Schnell, Transportation Director, Sheboygan County (Wisconsin)

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"Since Antigo's arrival on the project, the daily production has exceeded the quoted amounts and we are well within bringing the project back in line to our original projected schedule."

Steve Griffin, General Manager, Strata Corporation

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FAA Engineering Brief No. 66, Rubblized Portland Cement Concrete Base Course

Engineering Brief No. 66 provides guidance and specifications for rubblization of existing Portland cement concrete pavements.

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HWD Testing of Rubblized Sections of Taxiway W1 at Detroit Metro Airport

Report on Heavy Weight Deflectometer testing of the rubblized sections of Taxiway W1.

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Rubblized Concrete: Good Support for Concrete Overlays

This research sought to verify that PCC over rubblized concrete pavement is a strong, durable option for overlays of aging concrete roadways.

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Performance Contracting for Construction on the M-115 in Clare County, MI

This report documents the Michigan Department of Transportation's (MDOT) HfL demonstration project, which involved performance contracting for construction (PCfC) on M-115, a two-lane rural highway in Clare County, MI.

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Development of Guidelines for Rubblization Final Report

This report presents the results of Airfield Asphalt Pavement Technology Program Project (AAPTP) 04-01, Development of Guidelines for Rubblization. The objective was to document the state of the art in rubblization technology for airfield pavements.

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Crack and Seat PCC Pavement Prior to Resurfacing US 59 – Shelby County

1993 Iowa DOT technical report.

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Rubblization of Existing Airfield Pavements at King Abdulaziz International Airport, Jeddah Saudi Arabia

Presentation

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On Track Newsletter, Winter 2004 / 2005, R.A. Smith & Associates, Inc.

Rubblizing may sound like just another funny word-but communities and county highway departments will like the sound of how rubblizing can provide significant time and cost savings.

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From Rubble to Runway

The arrival of a lone KC-135 at Grand Forks AFB, N.D. on Oct. 30, 2005 marked the unofficial opening of Air Mobility Command's newest state-of-the art runway and the end of a long summer of construction at the base.

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Performance of Colorado’s First Rubblization Project on I 76 Near Sterling

This report documents the six-year performance of the Colorado DOT's first rubblization of PCCP project.

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Reports Rubblization

Dec 15, 2014

Hot-Mix Asphalt Overlay Design Concepts for Rubblized Portland Cement Concrete Pavements

Transportation Research Record 1684, paper by Marshall R. Thompson.

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Nighttime Rubblization and Asphalt Overlay Project Examples

Pictorial presentation of the process.

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Reports Crack & Seat

Jul 31, 2009

Life Cycle Assessment – I-5 Seattle

This paper compares three different replacement options for an aging portland cement concrete (PCC) pavement using LCA process-based protocol. Those options are: remove and replace with PCC pavement, remove and replace with hot mix asphalt (HMA) pavement, and crack-and-seat the existing pavement followed by a HMA overlay.

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Reports Crack & Seat

Jul 22, 2009

Layer Coefficient Values for Cracked and Seated Concrete

The WisDOT Bureau of Technical Services is interested in identifying layer coefficient values used by state DOTs nationwide for cracked and seated concrete, in comparison with values used for rubblized concrete.

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Reports Crack & Seat

Jan 1, 2006

Improved Design of Overlay Treatments

The objective of this research was to develop improved design guidance for asphalt overlays to concrete pavements by providing techniques that will reduce the thickness of overlay while still minimizing the occurrence of reflective cracking.

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Reports Rubblization

Jan 1, 2006

Rubblization Using Multi-Head Breaker Equipment

This paper by Professor Marshall Thompson documents the development, capabilities, and effective utilization of the MHB for rubblizing concrete pavement.

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Reflection cracking on airfield pavements – a design guide for assessment, treatment selection and future minimization

This guide has been prepared for Defence Estates (UK) to provide guidance on the identification, categorization and treatment of reflection cracking in airfield pavement structures.

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"Antigo Breakers Ltd during both the research & development project and also the first phase of the Crack & Seat reconstruction project has offered an excellent level of service. Their proactive approach, level of control and quality is excellent."

Matt Palmer, Senior Project Leader, Pavement & Infrastructure Team (BAA), Heathrow Airport

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Reports Crack & Seat

Jan 15, 1995

Practical Method of Ensuring the Success of Crack and Seat Operations Using FWD

This procedure has two phases: (a) determine the hammer parameters (height and spacing) that develop good cracking patterns, full depth cracks with adequate aggregate interlock between the cracked segments and (b) determine the optimum number of passes of a rubber-tired roller.

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Reports Crack & Seat

Jan 15, 1989

Field Performance of Crack and Seat Projects

This paper presents the results of an analysis of seventy crack and seat projects from twelve states throughout the United States.

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Reports Crack & Seat

Nov 20, 1985

Performance of Asphalt Overlays on Cracked & Seated Pavement

Presentation by David Strand, Wisconsin State Design Engineer for Highways, made in 1985 reporting on Wisconsin DOT’s first six years of experience with crack & seat.

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